Decision-making bias in psychotherapy: Effects of hypothesis source and accountability
Hypothesis-testing strategies used by 72 psychology doctoral students were assessed after these therapists viewed and responded to a videotaped client-therapist interaction. The results of the present study indicate that the therapists who were provided with a plausible hypothesis or who were allowed to develop their own hypothesis were more likely to rely on confirmatory hypothesis-testing strategies than were therapists provided with a less plausible hypothesis about the client. In addition, it was found that the type of decision-making strategy used by the therapists was not influenced by whether they were held highly accountable for their responses or minimally accountable for their responses.
Journal of Counseling Psychology
Pfeiffer, A., Whelan, J., & Martin, J. (2000). Decision-making bias in psychotherapy: Effects of hypothesis source and accountability. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47 (4), 429-436. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0188.8.131.529