Effectiveness of Psychological and Pharmacological Treatments for Nocturnal Enuresis


This review provides a quantitative integration of research on the effectiveness of psychological and pharmacological treatments for nocturnal enuresis. With the use of experiments that compared treatments with either no treatment or another form of treatment, this article assesses (a) the overall effectiveness of psychological and pharmacological treatments, (b) the relative effectiveness of specific types of treatments, and (c) moderators of treatment effectiveness including investigator allegiance. Findings from the review confirm that enuretic children benefit substantially from treatment. However, more children improve from psychological than from pharmacological interventions. Moreover, psychological treatments involving a urine alarm are most likely to yield benefits that are maintained once treatment has ended.

Publication Title

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology