Early Memphis Newspaper Indices


Source Collection

University of Memphis Libraries Special Collections Department has the following issues on microfilm: 1860-1861, 1866-1895.


The Memphis Avalanche was founded in 1860 as a Democratic, strongly pro-secession newspaper. It was suspended in 1862 after the Union forces captured Memphis and resumed publishing in 1866 with M.C. Gallaway as editor. Gallaway maintained a running feud with the local Republican party and after Gallaway’s arrest on contempt charges, his wife took over as editor until his release. The Avalanche’s main rivals were the Memphis Appeal and the Memphis Public Ledger. It maintained a staunchly pro-Southern rights policy throughout the Reconstruction period. In 1895 the Avalanche was absorbed by the Memphis Appeal.