Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Identifier

286

Date

2011

Date of Award

4-19-2011

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts

Major

Art History

Concentration

Egyptian Art and Archaeology

Committee Chair

Mariam Ayad

Committee Member

Todd Richardson

Committee Member

Patricia Podzorski

Abstract

First mentioned in Coffin Texts spells CT 1054 and CT 1166, the "Lake of Fire" motif is first illustrated in spell BD 126 of the Book of the Dead. Commonly depicted as a pool flanked by braziers or baboons in the New Kingdom (c. 1550-1069 B.C.), a new element emerges in the Twenty-first Dynasty (c. 1069-945 B.C.): blackened, outstretched, and limp human figures are depicted inside of the lake in the funerary papyri of Bakenmut and Nestanebtawy. This thesis attempts to contextualize these human figures by examining the relevant iconographic, textual, archaeological, and historical evidence. The inclusion of these figures, which represent the enemies of the gods/king, reflects a desire to eternally annihilate them, while simultaneously providing protection for the deceased from meeting a similar destiny.

Comments

Data is provided by the student.

Library Comment

dissertation or thesis originally submitted to the local University of Memphis Electronic Theses & dissertation (ETD) Repository.

Share

COinS