Cartoon collection, Special Collections Department, University of Memphis Libraries
Cartoon drawn by Joseph L. Parrish (1905-1989) of the Nashville "Tennessean" in 1932 showing a goateed man labeled "the party" steering a storm-tossed boat labeled "Tennessee democracy" according to a compass labeled "democratic principles". Colonel Tennessee says: "It is the only course to follow!" despite the boat being nearly swamped by waves labeled "Crumpism" and "Memphis machine vote fraud". The cartoon is titled at the top: "Steering By The Compass!". The cartoon refers to the bitterly-fought Democratic gubernatorial primary in which the political machine of Memphis U.S. Congressman E.H. Crump was accused of electoral fraud by his candidate's opponents.
"Steering by the compass!" (2021). Images. 3.
Caricatures and cartoons--Tennessee--Nashville., Crump, Edward Hull, 1874-1954.